can i spray paint in cold weather

Can I spray paint in cold weather? Most contractors and hobbyists won’t spray paint during the winter.

Don’t worry; in this blog, we’ll answer this question and provide some ideas on how to spray properly in cold weather.

Paint takes many days to dry, and when temperatures drop, dew forms on surfaces, causing the water in the paint to evaporate too slowly. This impacts how long the paint lasts, especially how well it resists breaking.

Colder temperatures and surface wetness may potentially cause discoloration or mildew.

Keep reading to learn more!

How Spray Paint Works

how does spray paint work

A poor paint job may be very annoying and cause you to give up.

As a result, It is important to understand how low temperatures impact spray paint application and how paint’s performance, properties, and drying pattern vary as follows:

  • Spray paint has a viscosity characteristic that helps in application stability.
  • Grinding and fineness features in spray paint enhance application and paint leveling.
  • Depending on the quality and cost of the spray paint, the weight or volume composition of the spray paint pigment may have an effect.
  • The durability of spray paint might be influenced by a variety of environmental factors.
  • Due to solvent evaporation and polymerization reactions of the spray paint, several phases such as total drying, powder drying, touch drying, and hard drying may occur during drying.

Can I Spray Paint in Cold Weather?

spray paint cold weather

Cold weather impacts painting since oil, and alkyd-based paints include resins and natural oils.

These paints become more virulent at low temperatures. Before you begin, practicing painting in cold conditions may be a good idea. 

However, there are some of consequences of painting in cold weather without sufficient experience or preparation:

  1. Because of the thick paint coat, the drying time may be prolonged.
  2. Color consistency may be pretty bad.
  3. Paints will require more time to mix.
  4. Water stains, particularly in latex paints 
  5. The powdery film is caused by improper paint layer formation.
  6. The base coat may appear darker than the touch-up coat.
  7. Paint coverage was reduced due to excessive paint layer building.
  8. Many oil-based paints should be avoided if the temperature falls below 40 degrees.
  9. When the paint layer becomes thick, it will cause issues such as bubbles/bumps.
  10. Spray guns that don’t work well or that become clogged quickly should be avoided.
  11. Drips and runs on the painted surface are possible.

How Do You Spray Paint in Cold Weather?

spray paint in cold weather

Can you spray paint in cold weather?

There are instances when you can’t escape the necessity for outside work, and you may wonder how to spray properly outdoors in cold weather without causing harm. 

Here are some guidelines on how to spray paint in cold weather;

Make sure you do the following things before starting the painting:

1. Choose The Right Paint Product To Use In Cold Weather

choose right paint

Most paints are intended to be applied to a surface within particular temperature constraints.

The recommended temperature range is often hot (north of 45 degrees Fahrenheit is common for most standard house paints and stains). 

Adhesion may be compromised if the paint is applied to a surface that is much cooler than the prescribed temperature.

As a result, the first practical consideration should be if a paint firm can provide a product with more forgiving surface temperature requirements when applied.

2. Know Your Surface Temperature When Applying Paint

know surface temperature

Cold surfaces cause problems with paint adhering effectively.

While selecting a paint that performs well on a cold surface is one answer, you need also be careful of the surface temperature while applying paint. 

Check the surface temperature with a surface thermometer before painting. This will help to ensure that you do not have adhesion issues due to a cold surface.

Furthermore, the surface of your painting may not be as cold as you fear because the outside of a home is often warmer than the surrounding air due to heat escaping from the home and other factors.

3. Whenever Possible, Try to Keep Your Paint Warm

store paint

While cold surfaces might cause adhesion issues, cold paint can be thick and difficult to spray.

In general, temperature reductions cause increased viscosity and thickening of coatings. 

Spraying paint in the cold may make it difficult to get a nice finish since the heavier substance is more difficult to atomize.

To solve this issue, store your paint in a warm place, or consider using a suitable paint warmer.

A paint warmer will keep the substance warm even in freezing conditions outside.

4. Evaluate Heating Options For The Work Area You Will Spray

heating the area

Another thing you can do to make spraying paint in the cold more successful is to check into heating alternatives for your workspace.

Depending on the nature of your employment, you may be required to construct containment for your workspace. 

You might try hiring a big air replacement unit to warm the space you will be painting if you have the means to contain heat.

By heating the area where you will be painting, you may theoretically warm the surface and spray paint on it at a more usual temperature for popular paints.

5. Select Solvent-Based Formulations

Solvent-based products are not always as ideal due to the higher VOC content.

The need for thinner to properly clean up paint when finished working, solvent-based products are typically superior in being temperature tolerant. 

Solvent-based paints have many advantages over water-based paints in cold weather spraying.

This includes the fact that water-based paints are less likely to attach to a cold surface and may freeze at temperatures as low as 30 degrees.

6. Prepare Equipments For Storage Properly

prepare storage

You’ll want to clean and store your equipment properly so that nothing freezes in your lines while it’s in storage.

If you use a water-based product, you should add a product called pump armor to the water you use to flush the pump. 

If you intend to use solvent-based products, you may consider adding solvent-based pump armor to prevent material freezing in your spray equipment.

Tips for Spray Painting in Cold Weather

tips for spray painting

Can I spray paint outside in cold weather?

Here are some guidelines on how to spray paint in cold weather; Make sure you do the following things when spraying paint:

1. Thoroughly Clean the Item to be Spray Painted

Because cooler temperatures decrease adhesion, the can recommends painting only when the temperature is above 50 degrees.

Ensure that nothing else, such as dust, filth, or a glossy finish, prevents the paint from sticking.

Before you begin painting, carefully clean and maybe sand the surface.

2. Use a Primer

use paint primer

Priming a porous surface, such as unstained or untreated wood, is always a good idea.

It is porous when a surface absorbs water, moisture, oil, smells, or stains.

3. Keep the Item and the Paints Inside Until Just Before Use

Your object and paint should be kept at room temperature until you are ready to paint. At the entrance, I stored my lamps and paint cans.

When I was preparing to paint them, I took them outside, sprayed them, set them for about 2-4 minutes, and then brought them inside.

4. Bring the Item Inside After Each Coat

bring item inside after painting

This is the most crucial rule! If your paint isn’t kept at a reasonable temperature most of the time between layers, it won’t dry or adhere correctly.

Again, keep your object and paint cans out of the cold for as little time as possible for the best results.

5. Keep the Item in a Well-ventilated Area Inside

I moved the lamps to my bathroom to dry between coats of priming or painting.

I slid open the little window, activated the ceiling fan, and shut the bathroom door.

This essentially drew cold air from the outside into my home and via the fan to the attic, generating airflow. It wasn’t easy on our heating cost, but it wasn’t too awful.

Even with the window open and the temperature outside at 25 degrees, the bathroom never went cooler than 50 degrees.

6. Avoid the Smell of Spray Paint in Your Home

avoid smell of paint

The bulk of the odor is created by spray painting (which is why you do that part outside).

If you close the door to your well-ventilated room, the smell will mostly be contained to the bathroom and dissipate as soon as the paint dries completely. 

If the odor bothers you, burn a candle in the bathroom once you’re done, and the odor should be gone in about an hour.

Keep in Mind the Following

Keep in Mind

If you want to spray paint in cold weather, look for the minimum temperature rating on the paint label.

You may not need to add additives, but if you need, that is also an option.

  • Begin by applying a good primer. This improves the binding of the paint, or use paint with primer.
  • Examine the paint’s temperature rating. 
  • Check the temperature of the surface you’re painting to ensure it’s the correct temperature. An infrared thermometer pistol may be effective.
  • Check for wetness on the surface.
  • Make use of a stiffer paintbrush. Nylon and polyester are also suitable materials.
  • Remember to consider weather patterns such as sun, cloud, wind, and rain.
  • Determine how many coats you need and how long the paint will take to dry in the cold. If the paint is rated 50° and the temperature drops over the following several days, wait until the temperature rises over 50°.

Final Verdict

Can I spray paint in cold weather?

Spraying paint in the cold is not ideal since you will encounter extra special obstacles.

This includes – ensuring the surface is warm enough for the paint to be sprayed, getting material to spray efficiently, and storage issues. 

However, if you have decided to spray in the cold, follow these guidelines to guarantee that you achieve excellent results with little headaches when spraying paint in the cold.

Thanks for reading!